It said, “The blowout was not the product of a series of aberrational decisions made by rogue industry or government officials that could not have been anticipated or expected to occur again. Rather, the root causes are systemic and, absent significant reform in both industry practices and government policies, might well recur.”
1. 1908 blowout on land in the state of Veracruz,
Mexico, North American continent
Some historians say that the fire from the Dos Bocas blowout in
the State of Veracruz, Mexico, could be seen about 100 miles away in the Port of Tampico, state of Tamaulipas. So when
you add the Dos Bocas 1908 onshore blowout in the state of Veracruz, Mexico + the Ixtoc I offshore blowout in the Mexican
Gulf of Mexico in 1979 + the Maconda USA-GOM blowout in 2010 all of these together, you NOW ( for the first time
) have sufficient statistical data to predict the NEXT giant blowout somewhere on the sun's earth. "The fire from
the Dos Bocas oilwell blowout in 1908 in the state of Veracruz, Mexico, could be seen in the Port of Tampico, in the adjoining
state of Tamaulipas. The fire continued from the 4th of July 1908 until the 30th of August 1908, about 58 days, with
estimates of 90,000 bopd of crude oil flowing onto the land and into Laguna Tamiahua. Some of it is still there as of
this date of 8 July 2015, 107 years later. The Dos Bocas blowout was named for the two giant craters it left in the
ground. This was one of the largest oil spills in the history of the oil industry, spilling more than 60 x 90 x 10 4th
= 5400 x 10 to the 4th bbls of oil. There are no records available on how long the oil continued to flow at that estimated
rate, but some people say that the flow of salt water has never been plugged to this day. Therefore, informed sources
predict a castastrophic saltwater intrusion into the Laguna Tamiahua "soon". No one has come forward with
a public plan to stop this from happening, so here is a proposal: WWWiegand wants four drilling rigs to drill four directional
holes towards the greatest magnitude of sound from the flow of saltwater from the man-made underground caverns of Dos Bocas.
Run sonic tools to drill down to the limestone formation that blewout. Set up a huge dynamic kill ( maybe the
largest in known history). Kill the Dos Bocas blowout with heavy mud, using Mexican barite of 4.25 SG. I will sell you
the barite. Cement the well, and help keep millions of fresh-water shrimp and fish alive in the Tamiahua Lagoon of Veracruz
state, Mexico. WWWiegand needs financial backing for this project, and probably would request funding
from a friend in Dubai, and ask SLB or HAL to do the cement job. These are the three greatest blowout / oil spills in
the world's history, I think.
from abstract International Oil Spill proceedings 2011
"The IXTOC I well blowout/spill in 1979 and
the Macondo well blowout/spill in 2010 are the two most significant catastrophic oil spill events to have occurred in the
Gulf of Mexico. There were similarities in these events; both were caused by human decisions and actions. Relative to chronic
inputs of hydrocarbons each event released significant volumes of oil into the environment in a short time. Industry was not
prepared in advance to address such an event at the wellhead in 1979 or 2010.
They differed in
that IXTOC I occurred in 200 feet of seawater (fsw) and Macondo occurred in 5,000 fsw. Relative to Macondo, IXTOC I was a
non-media event. Macondo played out 24 hours/day live on scores of television networks around the world. Great emotions and
drama ensued and many conclusions were presented to the public as fact when, in truth, no scientific data existed to support
The response to Macondo was rapid, aggressive, and effective at keeping the majority
of the spilled oil out of the sensitive coastal habitats. The engineering technology applied to the response at the well head
was amazing considering the water depth and reservoir pressures.
Initial economic impacts at the
individual level of the Macondo blowout were significant in the short-term; however, due to billions of dollars committed
to the response effort and compensation to businesses and individuals for lost income and commitments to long-term assessment
of the environmental impact the overall economic impact may not be as negative as initially speculated."
Wiegand's Risk Equation
P + RS = 1
Systemic Risk (RS), also known as SRISK, as applied to blowouts offshore, according to World Wide Wiegand,
refers to the risks imposed by interlinkages and interdependencies in a system ( the international offshore
oil and gas business ), where the failure of a single decision ( the company man's ) or entity ( VP of drilling ) or sequences
of decisions or cluster of entities can cause a cascading failure (chain reaction), which could potentially bankrupt or bring down the entire system or market (
a NOC ) (resulting in a blowout that requires government intervention to resolve). It is also sometimes erroneously
referred to as "systematic risk" by people who do not study Risk definitions. Systemic Risk studies should be computer-modeled,
and included in all Deepwater Drilling Well Plans, as the last-case contingency planning effort.
Pemex and SENER and CNH federal norms should specify
all SFs approach or exceed one.